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Street Children and the Challenges of National security

Street Children and the Challenges of National security Evidence from Nigeria Ngboawaji Daniel Nte Paul Eke and S T Igbanibo Abstract

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	Department of Intelligence and Security Studies, Novena Univ
ersity, Ougume, P.M.B 2 Kwale, Delta state. E-mail: 
[email protected]
 Department of Social Studies, Rivers State Collage 
of Education, P.M.B. 5047, Rumuolumeni Harcourt Nigeria 
The Concept of Street Children 
Like every other social fact, the def
inition of the concept of Street 
Children tends to defy any universal 
one.  According to Benitez (2003:107), “there is no 
universal definition of ‘Street Children’ and several 
The central materials used for this study were text
 books, articles and reports.  The categories of 
documents used in the study include both primary and 
secondary sources.  Documents provided us with 
good insight into what has been written concerning the 
topic under study.  These 
In a similar research carried out by one the authors of
 this work, in Port Harcourt, Nte (2005), based on 
ILO estimates, put child labourers figure at over 50
0,000.  This number excludes child labourers in the 
adjoining urbanizing communities around Port Harcourt 
definition, Mohammed (2006) concludes that “Nat
ional Security from any perspective is about 
safeguarding the interests of the citi
zenry and providing the type of atmosphe
re that is free of threats that 
could inhibit the pursuit of the good of all.  It is 
about the processes and measures required to preserve 
law and order”. 
In the same vein, some of the negative effects of 
globalization such as magnified poverty – no food, no 
clean water, no education, and no health care – and children lead short, brutal suffering lives; tend to 
Firstly, there must be an objectiv
e realization and acknowledgement of
African Centre for Education and Development
 (ACED) (2007) Occasional Papers No. 2. 
Basu, K. & Tzannatos, Z. (2003) “The Global Child Labour Problem
: What do we know and what can we do?  The World Bank 
Economic Reviewing Vol. 17, No. 2. 
Bayden, J. & Gobbs S. (1997) Children and War: Underst
anding Psychological Distress in Cambodia, UN; Genera.  
Benitez, S. T. (2003) Approaches to Reducing Poverty and Conflict 
Burra, W. (1995) Born to Work: Child Labour in India, New Delhi: Oxford University press.  
Cigno, A. & Rosati, F.C. (2001) “Why do Indian Children Work and 
is it Bad for them?,Working P
aper, University of Florence, 
Faculty of Political Science. 
Chidero, S. G. (2006) “The Nigeria Police in National Security
”.  Lecture Delivered to the Participants of National War College
Nigeria, January 26. 
Nte, N. D. & Irikana, G. (2008) “Nigeria: State Making, State 
Breaking and Niger Question”, Europ
ean Journal of Social Sciences
Vol. 6 (3). 
Obasanjo, O. (1999) “Grand Strategy for Na
tional Security” The Presidency, Abuja.  
Oloko, B. (1989) “Children’s Work in Urban Nigeria: A Case of
 Young Lagos Street Traders” UNICEF Staff Working Paper 4, 19 – 
Ololube, N. P.; Ubogu, A. E. & Egbezor, D. E (2007) “ICT and 
Distance Education Programs in
 Sub-Saharan African Country: A